In the last few decades, pharmaceuticals, credited with saving millions of lives, have emerged as a new class of environmental contaminant. These compounds can have both chronic and acute harmful effects on natural flora and fauna. The presence of pharmaceutical contaminants in ground waters, surface waters (lakes, rivers, and streams), sea water, wastewater treatment plants (influents and effluents), soils, and sludges has been well documented. The Mohan, Pittman and Mlsna team has written a thorough review of methods used for their remediation from aqueous systems. This literature review (1990−2018) illustrates the rising environmental pharmaceutical contamination concerns as well as current analysis, remediation and management efforts.
Patel, Manvendra, Rahul Kumar, Kamal Kishor, Todd Mlsna, Charles U. Pittman Jr, and Dinesh Mohan. "Pharmaceuticals of emerging concern in aquatic systems: chemistry, occurrence, effects, and removal methods." Chemical reviews119, no. 6 (2019): 3510-3673. (DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemrev.8b00299)
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