The Mississippi State University Chemistry Department seeks applicants for an interdisciplinary NSF-supported summer Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) program occurring in 2023. Students who have completed their freshman year of college and who have not yet graduated can participate fully in the Food, Energy and Water Security Summer Research Program activities and work on a research project under the direction of a faculty mentor. The cohort of students will participate in exciting renewable energy research projects as well as professional development, social and outreach activities. Student participants will receive a $6,000 stipend, a housing and meal plan for ten weeks, and travel assistance.
Renewable energy offers exciting possibilities for research. Students will be offered the opportunity to engage in research related to the production of biofuels, and the application of biochar materials to water purification and soil amendment. Research projects include the growth of biomass impacted through soil amendment, the creation and purification of biofuels from organic matter, and the purification of wastewater and lagoons using biochars. Complementary workshops will also be included that emphasize career paths in environmentally focused fields with discussions on running a small business and entrepreneurial pathways.
Undergraduate student participants must have completed their freshmen year of college but not yet graduated and must be citizens or permanent residents of the United States or its possessions. Students from a variety of majors will be considered including chemistry, biochemistry, all engineering majors and environmental sciences. Underrepresented groups in science are strongly encouraged to apply, including minorities, women, and first-generation college students.
Key Dates and Deadlines
Applications due - 03/01/2023
Experience begins - 05/30/2023
Experience ends - 08/04/2023
More information on each project is listed below.
- Using pyrolysis chars and bio-oil from forestry and agricultural wastes as additives in renewable solid fuels
- Development and testing of green adsorbents for water purification of toxic chemicals.
- Green house studies to develop and test green soil amendments.
- Development of semiconductor nanomaterials with potential photovoltaic applications
- Using advanced NMR techniques to monitor the performance of green adsorbents with complex mixtures.
- Characterization of gamma-ray imaging system for use in Depleted Uranium remediation efforts
- Production and testing of engineered biochar for the removal of phosphorus from stormwater runoff.
- Organic-inorganic hybrid metal halides for light emission applications
- Development of materials as catalysts for challenging catalytic transformations and toxic gas adsorbents
- J. Development of first-row transition metal complexes of redox-active ligands with (electro)catalytic applications
- Environmentally friendly, heterogeneous catalytic systems for cross-coupling reactions
- Analysis of pharmaceuticals by Mass Spectrometry and Ion Mobility Spectrometry: from clinical analysis to wastewater monitoring
- Water desalination and ion-removal by capacitive deionization
- Analysis of bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) skin microbiome
Research Project Summaries
1. Using pyrolysis chars and bio-oil from forestry and agricultural wastes as additives in renewable solid fuels
Students engaged with this project will create and characterize biochar and bio-oil from forestry and agricultural wastes. They will be involved in applied testing of these materials as renewable solid fuel additives. When used as an additive, biochar and bio-oil can improve wood pellet characteristics by increasing the pellet durability index and calorific value. Students will learn bench-top lab skills and analytical techniques used in the characterization of materials, including gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, methods to determine the proximate and ultimate composition of materials, and solid fuel characterization methods.
2. Development and testing of green adsorbents for water purification of toxic chemicals
Biochar materials have high surface area and can be modified to display varying functional groups on their surface. Interactions with contaminants in the environment can allow compounds to be adsorbed and removed from water sources. This project will focus on the development and characterization of new materials. Students will learn standard bench top techniques along with a variety of analytical instrumentation including TEM, SEM, AA, IR, UV-Vis and Gas Chromatography.
3. Green house studies to develop and test green soil amendments
Carbon rich amendments are developed to augment soils and retain nutrients for plant utilization. This project develops new amendments and uses green house studies and plant growth to assess the impact for agricultural applications. Students learn techniques for growing and monitoring plants, along with assay techniques for biomass.
4. Development of semiconductor nanomaterials with potential photovoltaic applications
There is a high demand for the development of new inorganic semiconductor materials that can be used to manufacture cheap and efficient solar cells. This project focuses on developing synthetic methods to make new, nontoxic light-absorbing materials incorporating sulfide, selenide, and iodide anions along with transition metal and main-group metal cations. Students will learn how to prepare inorganic and organometallic precursor complexes, how to synthesize colloidal nanomaterials, and how to characterize nanomaterials using powder X-ray diffraction, UV-vis spectroscopy, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM).
5. Using advanced NMR techniques to monitor the performance of green adsorbents with complex mixtures
Students in this project will identify the intermolecular forces that drive nano-scale interactions between molecular systems and adsorbent materials. Biophysical techniques will be used to understand the behavior of biological macromolecules as they interact with these materials in the environment. Students will gain exposure to multidimensional NMR spectroscopy, spectroscopy, and separations, and they will gain the ability to interpret binding data using computational tools like MATLAB.
6. Characterization of gamma-ray imaging system for use in Depleted Uranium remediation efforts
Students engaged in this project will work with a gamma-ray imaging system to optimize techniques for identifying radioactive sources such as depleted uranium (DU) in the environment. DU, which is often found in the environment where it has been deployed by the US military, can be found in fragmented pieces covering large areas and in hard-to-access locations that contribute to radioactive contamination on the ground and in water supplies that poses dangers to human and wildlife health. Through developing various imaging modalities with a gamma-ray imaging system, identification and characterization of residual contamination can be achieved at large offset distances. Students will learn bench-top lab skills, data collection practices, spectroscopic analysis techniques, and software simulation validation as part of this project.
7. Production and testing of engineered biochar for the removal of phosphorus from stormwater runoff
Students will work to scale up the production of engineered biochar, test batches of the production process, and install bioreactors in an agricultural setting for the removal of phosphorus from stormwater runoff. Students will learn bench-top lab skills, soil and water testing skills, and participate in field-scale deployment of materials for stormwater treatment.
8. Organic-inorganic hybrid metal halides for light emission applications
Solid-state organic-inorganic metal halides are promising materials for various applications including solar cells and LEDs owing to their exceptional optical and electronic properties. The emission colors are often tuned by changing their composition. Therefore, studying their structural changes with composition and linking them to their optical properties is a great way to establish structure-property relations. To achieve this, the incoming student will work on synthesizing single crystals and thin-films by varying the composition of metal halide and recording their optical properties. The student will seek expertise in various tools including thin film processing (spin coating and vapor deposition), spectroscopy (UV-Vis absorption and emission spectroscopy), and morphology (SEM and AFM). This project will enable the student to work on an energy-relevant research area to address the challenges associated with climate change and renewable energy.
9. Development of materials as catalysts for challenging catalytic transformations and toxic gas adsorbents
Students engaged with this project will synthesize organometallic complexes and Metal-Organic Frameworks, MOFs. Students will graft the organometallic complexes into the MOFs and analyze them using a range of analytical techniques for the characterization of new materials. Students will use these materials as heterogeneous catalysts for the synthesis of high-value products from hydrocarbons. The sought products include silicon-containing synthons from internal alkenes and dicarboxylic acids from allyl alcohols. Students will compare the catalytic reactivity of the new materials vis-à-vis with that of the organometallic precursors in homogeneous phase. The materials will also be tested as toxic gas (SO2 and CO2) adsorbents through academic collaborations.
10. Development of first-row transition metal complexes of redox-active ligands with (electro)catalytic applications
Transition metal catalysts may play a critical role in important reactions related to alternative and renewable energy, including hydrogen production and carbon dioxide recycling. This project focuses and developing complexes earth-abundant, inexpensive transition metals on multifunctional ligands which are being tested and optimized in electrocatalytic reactions. Students will learn organic and organometallic synthesis techniques, including working in a glovebox with air-sensitive compounds, will characterize the compounds using NMR and other standard analytical techniques, and will learn to use cyclic voltammetry to study their catalytic behavior.
11. Environmentally friendly, heterogeneous catalytic systems for cross-coupling reactions
Students engaged with this project will generate and study new heterogeneous catalytic systems for C—N bond forming reactions using environmentally-friendly transition metal ions, solid supports, and renewable solvent system. Students will use a variety of bench-top lab skills in this interdisciplinary project, where they will gain experience using a range of instrumental techniques employed in modern synthetic research laboratories. Specifically students will gain experiences in materials characterization, bench scale catalysis, gas chromatography, liquid chromatography, and a range of other organic spectroscopic techniques.
12. Analysis of pharmaceuticals by Mass Spectrometry and Ion Mobility Spectrometry: from clinical analysis to wastewater monitoring
Students engaged in this project would help collect and analyze data to learn about the gas-phase unimolecular dissociation pathways, the solution-phase hydrogen-deuterium exchange, and the gas-phase ion mobility separations of pharmaceutical compounds (and related chemicals). The goal of this work is to develop new approaches to the differentiation of closely related compounds (e.g., isomers), with relevance to the detection, characterization, and quantitation of pharmaceutical compounds in clinical and environmental analyses.
13. Water desalination and ion-removal by capacitive deionization
Removing salt ions from water is an energy-intensive process, but it is a critically important technology. The aim of this project is to find the most efficient, lowest-cost method to remove sodium, chloride, and fluoride ions from contaminated water. Capacitive deionization in combination with chemically modified bio-based electrodes is the approach used. Students will prepare chemically modified electrode materials, prepare desalination cells, and monitor the salt removal ability with ion-selective electrodes.
14. Analysis of bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) skin microbiome
The Mississippi Sound is home to the nation’s largest bay, sound, and estuarine population of common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncates), serving as a nursery ground for newborn dolphin calves and providing vital foraging habitat for dolphins. Dolphin skin has a microbiome that serves in a protective role for healthy dolphins, but it can also harbor opportunistic pathogens that can cause disease if dolphins become stressed or their skin is compromised. Because dolphins are in intimate contact with their marine environment, their skin microbiome is heavily influenced by water conditions. To protect and maintain the health of this important population, information is needed about the microbiome of dolphin skin. In this project, the student will work with a team to use high-throughput DNA sequencing and computer analysis to characterize the microbiome on skin of dolphins from the Mississippi Sound.
Research Experience for Undergraduates
FEWS - Food, Energy and Water Security Application
We are now accepting applications for the 2023 Summer Program!
Questions: Contact the MSU Department of Chemistry at email@example.com or the Chemistry Department office at 662-325-3584.
All applications and materials are due on March 1st, 2023 by 11:59 P.M. Central Standard time and positions will be filled shortly thereafter.